Today, people and governments are fully aware that natural resources exploitation must be properly regulated not only to conserve what there is, but also to ensure that related activities do not cause harmful effects to human, plant and animal life/health. The environmental issues that have to be addressed include, but are not limited to: pollution and release of toxins; deforestation and loss of soil cover; siltation of water courses, generation of solid waste; depletion of the ozone layer; extinction of flora and fauna; introduction of non-endemic organisms that upset ecologically-sensitive areas.
Environmental protection and management imperatives are enacted into law in most nations. These laws have detailed implementing rules and regulations governing the conduct of human activities that impact on the environment. Guidelines and procedures are usually provided to ensure compliance to these regulations, as well as the monitoring of such compliance. These guidelines also outline violations and the associated penalties. Read more environment friendly facts at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmentally_friendly.
In most countries, securing an environmental compliance certificate is a prerequisite before any company is allowed to set up or develop any facility required for the company’s business operations. Prior to start of any development work, such certification consistent with other construction-related or industry-specific permits (e.g., building permit, mining permit) must be issued by the relevant governing body or agency. Voluminous checklists and documents are usually required to be submitted for environmental compliance. Those securing Hazardous waste management and environmental compliance permits have to verify what the necessary submissions are with the relevant authority. Approving authorities in turn employ various systems to register/document, assess, approve (or reject) compliance applications.
These systems also allow regulatory bodies to manage the monitoring and/or inspection of approved business operations — relative to the compliance with the conditions stipulated in the environmental clearance permits. The checklists and procedures for carrying out audits or inspections, including required laboratory or in-situ testing, as well as the rating benchmarks to be met are part of these systems. Environment management programs specify the self-regulating activities of the organization and validation regimes of the relevant regulating body. These programs define the performance tracking parameters; data gathering requirements; calculation and analyses methods; as well as schedule and frequency of performance monitoring.
Environmental compliance with Safety Training and management systems also specify the remedial measures that may be pursued to mitigate any unfavorable performance audit findings. Most mitigation measures are industry related, which could include remediation or treatment processes, installation of pollution control devices, or improvements to production methods that eliminate or prevent release harmful substances into the environment.
Even the closure or cessation of a business endeavor must comply to strict provisions for the prevention of leakage of toxic substances or the damage to surrounding terrain, with the company required to restore sites to pre-operation conditions within acceptable parameters. Decommissioning of electric generation plants and chemical production factories as well as demolition of real estate structures are typical situations. Environmental Compliance systems allow regulating agencies to monitor these activities.